The history of Gidhaur state is 757 years old.

The history of Jamui is centuries old. Its presence has been historically proven from the Mahabharata period to modern India. During the Mahabharata period, there used to be a fort of King Brihadratha here. It was known as Jambhubani or Jambiagram. But later, Jamui district was ruled by Chandela kings for a long time. Chandela dynasty was established in Jamui in the 12th century.

The living proof of this is the fort of Chandela dynasty even today in Gidhaur of Jamui. Apart from this, the fort of Chandela dynasty kings still exists in Khaira of Jamui district. However, Gidhaur state was the only state which was counted among the big states of that time. Later, Khaira state was carved out of it and established. The history of Gidhaur dynasty is very old and quite interesting. There would be very few people who would know completely about the Gidhaur dynasty. Come, let us get acquainted with the history of Giddhaur dynasty of Jamui.

Giddhaur dynasty was established in the 12th century

Historians say that the ancestors of the Chandel kings of Gidhaur state originally belonged to the powerful Chandravanshi Chandel Rajput dynasty of Madhya Pradesh. The rulers of Chandela dynasty, residents of Mahova in Madhya Pradesh, by whom the temples of Khajuraho were built, their descendants came to Gidhaur and laid the foundation of this state. Before this, Kalinjar used to be the capital of Chandela rulers. The foundation of Gidhaur state was laid by Raja Veer Vikram Singh in the year 1266. Actually, the history of Chandela dynasty dates back to the ninth century. King Nannuk was already a Chandela king, who laid the foundation of this dynasty. After this there were many successful kings.

In the 12th century, King Parmardi Dev of the Chandela dynasty was defeated by the Delhi ruler Prithviraj Chauhan and later by the Mughals. Allah and Udal, the army chiefs of King Paramardi Dev, continued fighting to protect Kalinjar, but they had to face defeat. After this the Chandela Rajput rulers went in different directions. One of their branches settled in Himachal Pradesh and Bilaspur state was established by them. Later, he also established his kingdoms in Vijaygarh, Aghori and Barhar in Mirzapur district. The foundation of Gidhaur dynasty was laid by King Veer Vikram Singh of this dynasty.

Established the empire by defeating Nagariya rulers

According to historians, when Raja Veer Vikram Singh came to Gidhaur, he defeated a tribal chief named Nagoria of Dusadh tribe. It was only after the murder of Nagoria that he laid the foundation of the Chandela dynasty in Gidhaur. It is said that he was the first Rajput invader of this part. The remains of Naulakha Garh built by Sher Shah Suri are still present in the Khaira block area of ​​Jamui district. Historians believe that at one time it was considered the center of power of Chandela kings. Giddhaur princely state is considered to be one of the oldest princely families of Bihar. This royal family ruled for more than seven centuries.

There were many great kings in Gidhaur state.

There were many great Maharajas in Gidhaur state, out of which Maharaj Bahadur Chandra Mauleshwar Singh had killed a white tiger about 10 feet long. He became the third person in India to do so. Historians say that in February 1932, a white tiger about 9.61 feet long was seen in the Lachuad forest of Gidhaur state. After this the Maharaj alone made him hunt the tiger. It is still kept in the National Museum of Kolkata. Apart from this, Maharaj Bahadur Chandra Mauleshwar Singh also hunted a python, which he killed in the forests of Gidhaur. Author Richard Lydecker and former Zoological Survey of India scientist S Mohammed Ali have also mentioned them in their article The Cats of India.

The state of Gidhaur has got the Baidyanath Dham temple constructed.

All the kings of Gidhaur state were full of devotion. One of them, Raja Sukhdev Burman, built a temple of 108 Shivalingas in Khaira block area of ​​Jamui district, which was later damaged by the Mughal invaders. Not only this, the Baba Baidyanath Dham temple established in Deoghar, Jharkhand, one of the world famous twelve Jyotirlingas, was also constructed by the Gidhaur state.

In 1596, Raja Puran Singh of Gidhaur princely state had built the Baidyanath Dham temple in Deoghar, Jharkhand. The fame of Raja Puranmal was so much that it is said that the Mughal emperor wanted to capture the Parasmani of Puranmal. Therefore they called their Prince Hari Singh to Delhi and made him captive. During this time, King Puranmal Singh died and his younger son Vishambhar Singh was crowned Gidhaur. Earlier, Gidhaur state was also known as Patsanda state.

The estates of Maheshwari and Dumri were confiscated.

Raja Raja Amar Singh ruled the Gidhaur state from 1741-1765. When Raja Amar Singh ascended the throne, British rule had started spreading in the country. The king had supported the Nawab of Bengal in the battle of Buxar. As a result their kingdom was confiscated and a large part of it came to the Ghatwalas in the form of Ghatwali tenure.

As per Bengal District Gazetteer and two reported cases i.e. Gopi Ram Bhotika vs. Thakur Jagarnath Singh, reported in Indian Law Reports 1929 (Pat) page 4 and Sukhdev Singh vs. Maharaja Bahadur of Gidhaur, reported in 1951 AIR 288 (SC) Were done. It is clear from this that after confiscation of a considerable part of the property of Gidhaur, the Jagir of Katauna was settled with the Gidhaur royal family and two Ghatwali taluks i.e. Maheshwari and Dumri were also directly handed over to Khaira due to the irresponsible behavior of their Ghatwalis. And was handed over to the Chandela king of Gidhaur. Raja Gopal Singh recovered its property from the British Raj.

All the Maharajas of Gidhaur State

Order name of ruler Reign
1 Founder and first ruler: Raja Veer Vikram Singh ,
2 Second ruler: Raja Sukh Dev Singh ,
3 Third ruler: Raja Dev Singh ,
4 Fourth ruler: Raja Ram Niranjan Singh ,
5 Fifth ruler: Raja Raj Singh ,
6 Sixth ruler: Raja Darp Narayan Singh ,
7 Seventh ruler: Raja Raghunath Singh ,
8 Eighth Ruler: Raja Bariyar Singh ,
9 Ninth ruler: Raja Puran Mal ,
10 Tenth ruler: Raja Bisambhar Singh ,
11 Fourteenth ruler: Raja Dular Singh ,
12 Fifteenth ruler: Raja Shri Krishna Singh 1691-1717
13 Sixteenth ruler: Raja Praduman Singh 1717-1725
14 Seventeenth ruler: Raja Shyam Singh 1725-1741
15 Eighteenth ruler: Raja Amar Singh 1741-1765
16 Nineteenth ruler: Raja Bharat Singh ,
17 Twentieth ruler: Raja Gopal Singh ,
18 Twenty-first ruler: Raja Jaswant Singh ,
19 Twenty-second ruler: Raja Nawab Singh ,
20 Twenty-third ruler: Maharaja Bahadur Sir Jaimangal Singh ,
21 Twenty-fourth ruler: Maharaja Bahadur Shivprasad Singh ,
22 Twenty-fifth ruler: Maharaja Bahadur Ravaneshwar Prasad Singh ,
23 Twenty-sixth ruler: Maharaja Bahadur Chandra Mauleshwar Prasad Singh ,
24 Twenty-seventh ruler: Maharaja Bahadur Chandrachud Singh ,
25 Twenty-eighth ruler: Maharaja Bahadur Pratap Singh ,
26 Twenty-ninth ruler: Maharaja Bahadur Rajarajeshwar Prasad Singh ,
Data: Official website of Rajput Province of India Indian Rajput.com

Gulshan Kashyap’s report from Jamui

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